Cover Letters for Nurses

Employers in the health care industry are constantly looking for qualified professionals to join forces with one of the most popular and growing fields today - healthcare. We see and use healthcare everyday of our lives in one area or another, but probably take a lot of it for granted. Those who choose to make healthcare a part of their lives by pursuing it as a career will find a world of opportunity at their feet. Whether you are interested in pursuing a nursing job, cardiology job, or working with the elderly in assisted living jobs, or prefer to take a seat in the administrative part of health care by having a business system job, you are sure to find a lot of opportunities and variety out there.

Healthcare is one of the only fields that is truly constant and will not go out of style. As we age and the population in general ages, there is going to be an increasing need for qualified and professional care on which our loved ones will need to rely. Assisted living jobs are one of most overlooked positions in the healthcare industry, but are very important and necessary. People working in assisted living positions have a variety of job opportunities that include working in nursing home facilities, hospice care or home health care. They assist the elderly or ill with daily functions and make it possible for these people to do and enjoy the activities that they can while receiving the proper medical care and attention that they need.

Cardiology jobs are also another area of the medical field that is constantly growing and expanding. You do not have to be a heart surgeon to be considered being a part of the cardiology field. There are many positions that work closely with the cardiologists, from working with the patients to assisting the physicians or reading and conducting the scans and exams that need to performed. There is a lot of growth potential within this field and it is always expanding.

If you prefer to stick with the business end of healthcare, there are plenty of job possibilities contained within the healthcare administrative staff and in business systems. This may involve being on the administrative staff or helping to develop new business systems and practices that are used by the hospital or other medical facilities. Whichever avenue you choose to pursue in healthcare, you are bound to find many great opportunities available.

Why are cover letters so important? They provide the prospective employer with a brief review of your skills and abilities in the form of a letter. Letters are written much differently than resumes and can have a lasting impact on the reader.
The best news is that writing one it isn’t that hard.
An excellent Registered Nurse is always going to be in demand. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Among all of the health care occupations, registered nurses had the highest level of employment–over 2 million.”
What does that mean? It means there are more nursing positions in the health care industry than doctors, surgeons and technologists.
Nurses, generally speaking, are in a good labor market right now. If you are a nurse, that’s good news. You should not encounter difficulties in obtaining work.
What about that awesome position with the top salary that you have your eye on, though? Do you think the competition for that position will be greater? You bet it will. That means your credentials will have to be presented in the best light possible if you are to get the job offer.
So, how do you write a great cover letter?
The cover letter builds on the resume and leads the employer toward it. Its goal is to get the employer excited about the resume. It is a sales tool, just like the resume is. Sell yourself in a compelling and exciting way. Inject energy and let your best qualities reach the employer through carefully written examples and anecdotes. Don’t just state what you are capable of, show the employer what you have done in the past with vibrant language that attracts and invites the employer to want to know more.
You are a part of a significant sector of the labor market.
You have to be your very best to get the great jobs. What skills and abilities do you have that you can offer the employer – and – how can you do so in a way that makes the employer pick up the phone and call you for an interview?
Be personable, but professional at the same time.
Let your cover letter generate interest in your resume, then let your resume grab the employer’s attention so that you are invited in for a face to face meeting.
A cover letter isn’t likely to persuade an employer to grant you an interview on it’s own, but it is part of the whole package that WILL encourage an employer to want to get to know you better. Make it an exciting and enjoyable read and you will find yourself being offered the next Registered Nurse position you apply for.
Best of luck!
~Carla Vaughan

Restraint of Trade Clauses in Employment Contracts

In choosing a designer, you have to think if you want to work side by side, or you can work from a distance and communicate via phone. Some factors you need to consider in hiring a website designer are the following:

Do they ask you a lot of questions about your business? They should be interested to know more about your business. Since they will design a website that represents your brand, they should spend time to know it better.

Visit the sites they have created to know if they are your type of designs. Do all of them have a particular feel, or they are also flexible when it comes to their designs?

Ask them if they did everything, from the programming to the actual layout and graphic work.

If they do not do graphic work, ask if they can to refer you to a graphic artist.

Do they follow a process that is planned well and which brings you all throughout the design phase? Will they keep a record of the things that were discussed and decided on?

Are they familiar with SEO and Internet Marketing? Make sure that the site they are creating will be able to meet your bigger business and marketing needs. (A visually appealing website is useless if it does not generate income).

Ask about the designer's fees, including the estimated price of the site they will create. However, you first have to discuss the features and content that you like for them to be able to provide a good estimate. Certainly, it would cost more to include autoresponders, a blog, email address setup, logo design, membership site, newsletter, SEO or shopping cart (or if you have several web pages).

Ask about billing. Do you have to give a deposit? Will they give you an invoice every month or when reaching certain milestones?

Check if they will stay within your budget, or if they will suggest add-ons that will increase the price of your website. Always keep in mind that you are responsible for your budget and not the designers.

Visit some of their past and present clients and ask about the process. You want to hire somebody with good communication and project management skills. They should pay attention to what you like and not just give advice. Also, they should communicate with you in a well timed manner via emails and phone calls.

Will they continue to maintain your site even after creating it and how much will it cost? There are designers that only want to create websites, but do not maintain them. If you want to maintain it for a lower price, you can hire a virtual assistant or VA to do the job, provided that he/she has website programming skills. Know the types of programming used in your site. This way, it would be easier to find someone to update it.

Under UK law an employee has a duty of fidelity to his employer while working for them. This duty is implied in the contract of employment. The question often arises as to whether an employer can enforce contractual obligations on the employee after the expiration of the employment contract. In certain situations, the answer is yes. One tool that can be used to achieve this is a restraint of trade clause.
The restraint of trade clause is a contractual term that expressly restricts an employee’s freedom to work, once the current employment relationship ceases. Such a clause will only be upheld by the Courts, if it is reasonable as between the parties and where it is consistent with the interests of the public. The pubic interest is that society should not be deprived of the services of a skilled workforce. The question of what is reasonable is considered on a case by case basis. In practice, the clause must go no further than is reasonable for the protection of the employer’s business.
Restraint of trade clauses usually contain restrictions on the employee’s ability to work in a geographical area, or for a defined length of time. It is not uncommon or illegal for an employer to restrict a former employee from working within a fixed geographical area, or from working with a rival business to the former employer for a period of time after the cessation of the contract of employment. However, the restrictions must not be excessive. What is excessive depends on the nature of the work in question and the structure of the business.
Decided cases in the United Kingdom have upheld restraint of trade clauses that prevent a former employee working with a rival business and from canvassing former clients of the employer for a period of twelve months post contract.
Courts have also declared unreasonable and void restraint clauses that prevent a person from doing business within a 25 mile radius of London.
A clause that purports to cover a worldwide restriction is unlikely to be upheld. The narrower and more specialist the market in question, the more likely the clause is to be upheld.
It is more likely that a Court will uphold a clause as reasonable where it prevents the former employee from soliciting former clients, or from disclosing company secrets rather than stopping the former employee from working at all. Clearly a restraint clause which prevents a former employee from taking up a business which doesn’t compete with the former employer is unlawful.
Where a restraint of trade clause is capable of several interpretations, some of which are considered reasonable, some of which are unreasonable, judges can sever the offending parts and enforce the remainder.
Where a former employee breaches a restraint of trade clause, he is guilty of breach of contract. Such a breach gives rise to an action on behalf of the former employer for damages. It is difficult to assess the level of damages, some Courts measure damages at the level of the employee’s gain rather than the employer’s loss.
A useful way for a former employer to prevent a former employee from breaching the terms of a restraint clause in an employment contract, is to seek an interlocutory injunction restraining the breach. In an application for injunctive relief the Court will have regard to whether there is a serious issue to be tried and will grant the injunction if it is of the view that the balance of convenience lies on the side of the employer. In UK decisions, other factors such as the likelihood of trade secrets being disclosed to third parties have been considered in granting the relief.
However, if the practical effect of enforcing the injunction is to compel the employee to continue working for the employer, the injunction for specific performance of the employment contract will not be granted.
The question of the enforceability of restraint of trade clauses is a fertile ground for litigation, both for employers and employees and can play a significant role in the formation of the contract of employment.

5 Features of an Online Sales Job Site

Candidates spend an excessive amount of time searching for advertised jobs when they could concentrate their efforts on the unadvertised job market. What do I mean by this?

25% of all jobs get advertised in the media or over the net. 75% of all jobs are filled without advertising. This means that job search activity should also include 75% of the job market rather than be confined to 25% of jobs for which there is immense competition.

How should one search for work in this area? To be successful in the unadvertised job market one needs to:

o Identify the organisations they want to work for.

o Conduct extensive research into such organisations to understand:

o The products and services of the organisation

o Identify the future direction of the organisation.

o Determine who the key decision makers are.

o Determine any other relevant information about the organisation including its structure, staff, etc.

o Engage in extensive networking with friends and others to gain introduction to decision makers in organisations.

o Prepare resume targeted to "spot" jobs and to other positions within the organisation. "Spot" jobs in this context are jobs of the future.

o Forward applications to key decision makers rather than targeting job applications to Human Resources.

o Conduct regular follow-up on job applications.

o Get introduced to recruiters recommended by friends to obtain maximum benefit from searching in the unadvertised market.

In the advertised market a candidate should:

o Identify the skills required of the advertised position.

o Analyse their skills to determine if they match 95% of their requirements.

o Modify their resumes to ensure that job requirements are addressed.

o Develop a cover letter to address gaps.

o Develop a follow up action plan and conduct regular follow-up.

A number of resources adequately cover each aspect of the above. As candidates who are searching for the right job in the market, you should take time to purchase adequate resources which can assist you in your quest to search for suitable roles. One such resource is an e-book titled "Job Search Strategies for Success". To purchase a copy of this book, visit

or write to


Web 2.0 has been refreshing. Everything is more precise and defined on the internet. Gone are the days when the internet was limited to a few million people around the world. Today it has literally invaded our lives. So if you are looking for jobs, then you know the best place to look for it. Yes, you got it right. The internet has several sales job sites that can find you the right job within minutes. The best part about it is that it’s easy and free.
Here are 5 reasons why you need an online sales job site in your career.

Online Job Search Sites Vs Job Recruitment Agencies

What does the temporary category of employment agencies mean? Today, there are a number of these that cater specifically to offering you temporary work. They are commonly known as temporary or temp employment agencies.

These agencies cater to those who have attained at least a high school qualification or above. Some agencies in the temporary category of employment agencies also offer services those professionals who are seeking part time or short-term employment.

Under the temporary category of employment agencies is labor hire. This term means outsourcing unskilled and skilled blue-collar workers for different temporary jobs. Light industry is where most of them are hired. Many applicants who want to gain skill and experience in jobs like check sorting, parts assembly, welding, forklift driving and shipping, opt for temporary jobs in these fields.

Medical staffing agency is another example of the specialized jobs that temporary employment agencies offer. They include certified, licensed and skilled medical workers for different health facilities like rehabilitation, hospice and nursing facilities. In these agencies, jobs range from radiologists or general practitioners to even dental assistants.

There are many other agencies with a more limited group of companies and applicants. An example of this is an agency for hiring licensed vocational nurses and certified nursing assistants. Agencies that deal with nurse staffing cater to intensive care or critical care, internal medicine hospitals, family practices and even delivery and labor clinics.

On a broader scale, there are different jobs offered by the temporary employment agencies related to the food and food service industry, and the jobs can range from bus girls/boys, cashiers, hostesses/hosts, food servers and waitress/waiters. White-collar jobs like desk work and clerical work are for technical writers, copy writers, secretaries, encoders and transcription handlers. Maintenance jobs for sanitation personnel, carpenters, window washers, house painters and landscape artists are also offered by these agencies.

These temporary employment agencies offer valuable services when it comes to hiring companies offering skill testing and background checks. Temp agencies even offer a wide array of hobs available to qualified jobseekers when they cannot access postings or job listings.

Although there exist a number of temp agencies country wide whose listings can be found in many websites and phone directories, many temporary employment agencies prefer to conduct a preliminary skill testing and interview. This means that the different applicants will have to personally apply for the jobs and take around an hour of testing.

Searching a perfect job can be quite tricky. The first step is to choose the right channel to find one. There are various options – from traditional recruitment and placement firms to savvy online job sites. Before the online job search boom, recruitment agencies ruled the scene. However, with changing times and innovation, job web sites mushroomed and metamorphed. Providing more convenience and flexibility, it soon became the preferred channel for many.
I still know a lot of people who prefer the traditional job search method through placement and recruitment agencies, where you submit your resume and other details, they find you jobs as per your requirements and fix up interviews for you with various companies. They usually charge a flat fee or a fixed commission once you get a job.
I don’t say there’s anything wrong with this. After all, its all a personal choice. But searching your job online can be much more effective and convenient. You can manage your own portfolio, without depending on anyone else. Almost all job sites allow you to register for free.
With the online concept catching fast even in the recruitment scene, there are hardly any companies or organizations who do not post their requirements on these sites. So, you have direct access to jobs available across the country at your fingertips.
The job sites are striving to provide innovative tools to ensure more comfort to their visitors. Tools such as flagging off, searching through categories, saving your job searches, online resume helper, email and SMS alerts etc have made managing your job hunt extremely organized. Plus, its online, so you can access it anytime from anywhere!
There are portals which integrate the job listings from best job sites and companies directly. Hence, you get information from hundreds of sites in one website only. Whats more? Certain sites also provide reviews from employees of the companies, hence, you get the true inside story and can compare various organizations’ work culture as well as salaries.
Besides, you save on the money that you would otherwise pay the recruitment firms as fees or commission. Why would you unnecessarily want a middle man when you can handle everything yourself and have total control over it too? For all you know, the placement agencies are actually searching these very sites to prepare the prospective job list for you!
So take control over your own job hunt, as you are the best judge for yourself. Enroll yourself with the best job search engines and free job posting sites. In fact, check out integrated job portal s which actually crawl through various other job search web sites and companies career pages, and provides integrated information at one place.

How To Revive A Stalled Job Search With High-Payoff Activities

The sting of rejection is one that everyone will experience in some area of their lives at some point. It is especially difficult when you are in the running for a job but are not chosen to receive the final offer. But it is important to consider what the rejection truly means for you as the job seeker and what you can do about it.

Does it mean you weren't good enough? No! They saw enough promise in you to bring you in for the interview in the first place. So it is not always the case that you didn't have the right skills. Use this knowledge to your advantage. Be proud that a great company such as the one you interviewed with considered you for a job there. It is a major compliment and a testament to your potential.

Ultimately, you can actually gain from this experience in ways you couldn't possibly imagine. Here are some things to keep in mind when faced with rejection:

It allows you to focus your energy on finding an opportunity that might be even better than the one you wanted. It is too tempting to assume that the job you didn't get was the 'best' job or your 'dream' job. But resolving to work harder means you might find a new opportunity you hadn't considered before.

Honestly ask yourself what you feel you could have improved. Maybe you could have researched the organization even further. Perhaps you could work on your interview skills so that you don't appear as nervous next time. Once you realize what you can do better, add these ideas into an improved job search that is infused with more creativity. You might consider being more creative with your resume layout. You might be more creative in finding new opportunities by considering sources that you didn't try before. If you think about it, you'll always find a new way to approach your job search.

How you handle losing matters just as much as winning itself. If you receive a letter or e-mail letting you know you didn't get the job, it is important to respond. Thank the sender, as well as your interviewers. Sometimes, the candidate chosen doesn't work out and companies will seek out the other candidates that were in the running. You want to optimize your chances of getting that callback so stay positive, and courteous.

The next time you are faced with rejection, remember that you always have the power to choose how you will react and what your next move will be for the future. Stay positive, and remember that rejection doesn't diminish your potential; it can actually increase it if you just stay focused on your goal!

I frequently talk to potential clients who tell me they have been conducting a job search for X months without any success, or that they have sent out X number of resumes with virtually no response. When I press for more details, almost invariably, I hear stories about resumes posted in online resume databases and resumes sent in response to ads found on online job boards.
What is wrong with these job search techniques? Well…nothing is fundamentally wrong with them. In fact, they play an important part – a small part – in most well-constructed job search plans. However, these are extremely low-payoff job search activities, and if these are the only techniques you are using, the chances are far greater than not that your job search will generate disappointing and slow results.
If you are unhappy with the results of your job search, it is time that you took an objective look at your job search techniques. Are you spending too much of your precious time and energy on low-payoff job search activities while you ignore those that will produce the positive results that you want and deserve?
While the more effective job search activities – such as networking -usually require people to step out of their comfort zones, the returns generated by your investment of your time and energy will almost always be worth it.
So, if you find yourself stuck in a stalled, ineffective search for your next job, here are some high-impact tips that are almost certain to have a high-payoff on your effort through a faster, more successful job search.
Like it or not, your resume is your first introduction to most employers, and your only chance to make a good first impression. Effective resumes are highly focused marketing pieces that are strategically written and designed to sell YOU as THE best solution to a potential employer’s needs and problems. Your resume should be written to convey and illustrate your unique value proposition, with succinct “stories” that differentiate you from your competitors in the job market. Does your resume accomplish these goals? Is it focused effectively? Does it accurately present you in the way that you wish to be presented? If not, it is time to rewrite. If you need help, resume writing is our specialty at Distinctive Career Services.
Do the methods you are using in your job search convey professionalism at every step? Is your approach courteous and does it illustrate an understanding of common business protocol? For example, do you always send at least a brief letter of introduction when you send a new contact your resume? I can’t tell you how many times a prospective client tells me he isn’t getting calls on his resume, and when I quiz him he will tell me that he has been sending his resume as an attachment to emails, and then admits that he has not been including an introductory note. In this day and age, when everyone is concerned about viruses and spam, do you honestly believe that a recipient will open an attachment that arrives with a blank email? Of course not! Or…Does the message on your answering machine make you sound like a polished professional or a party animal? Is your email user name a professional-sounding one or a cutesy one? You have tough competition in the job market. Details matter! Courtesy and business protocol matters! Everything you do in your job search should convey an impeccably professional image. My best advice: Apply some basic common sense and remember your manners. Do these two things and you will be fine.
3) Ramp up your networking efforts. Of all of the possible job search methods, networking is the most effective by far, and yet it is the method that the fewest people use. I know that you don’t want to hear this, but no matter how uncomfortable it might be for you, networking is absolutely crucial and is the fastest way to your next position. Remember that when you are networking you are not asking people if they know of an opening or to give you a job, you are just asking for referrals or advice. Would you be upset if someone you knew contacted you to inform you of their job search and asked if you might be able to offer any advice or point her in the right direction? Of course you wouldn’t. In fact, you might even be flattered. This is the same reaction that your personal and professional networking contacts will have. If you don’t have frequent face-to-face contact with your network, the quickest way to jumpstart your search using networking is to send your resume and a brief letter to every single one of your contacts, and then follow up with a phone call a few days later. In most cases, people will be more than happy to help you out. But whether they are able to help you immediately or not, follow up with a brief handwritten thank you card. This is a gesture that will make a lasting positive impression.
Research the geographic and industry areas that interest you and identify the companies and opportunities that seem most promising and intriguing to you. Now research some more. With the vast quantities of information available on the Internet, you really have no excuse not to research thoroughly. Identify the hiring decision-makers and learn all you can about them and their company, their competitors, their challenges, and their future potential. This is a great time to call on your professional network. Who do you know who knows someone who knows some else at the company you are interested in? Once you have an “in” through a referral, it is time to make sure you are absolutely clear on your value proposition. In what way do you feel you could add value to the company? How would hiring you be beneficial? What is the return on investment that the company could expect if they hired you? Once you have the answers to these questions clear in your mind, it is time to approach the targets.
But don’t just use one of the cheap broadcast services that send your resume out to some unspecified list of 1000s of supposed recruiters. If you are going to do this, use a high-quality service that uses an up-to-date database of recruiting firms that they can break down and segment based on the firms’ specialties. This is one of the services that we offer to our resume writing clients at Distinctive Career Services. Approaching the distribution of your resume to headhunter firms in this way ensures that the recipients of your resume are individuals who have a sincere interest in learning about you and your credentials. They will try to match you to their current searches, and if you are a fit, you will get a phone call right then. Otherwise, they tend to database your resume to search in relation to future recruitment assignments. Of all the suggestions, this is the most passive and the easiest for you to implement with the least amount of work. But, passive or not, if you are in a profession that is among those often handled by recruiting firms, you should definitely make this a part of your overall job search strategy.
Finally, I can’t stress enough how important it is for you to follow up. Be assertive and approach your job search as if it is a job in itself. Schedule your activities, keep track of the contacts you have made and the resumes you have sent, and follow up regularly and consistently.
Yes, there is no doubt that job searching can be a highly stressful time. But you do have choices about how you will spend your limited time and those choices can have a profound impact on the success of your search. Choose to focus on the high payoff activities and you will find yourself back to work, in the job you want, much faster than you thought was possible.

Job Hunting? Stand Out in the “Crowd”

In several related articles I made mention of finding work as a flight coordinator, as a flight attendant, or as a pilot. Each specialty, as you can imagine, has its own requirements, hence the job sites that feature these types of opportunities are not always the same. If you have some idea where to look - besides contacting an employer directly - you can narrow down your searches and, hopefully, shorten the entire job hunting process. The following list contains some of the sites that are most helpful in listing viable opportunities for airline dispatchers.

- This site offers free registration and allows for you to post your resume for free as well. Airlines featured include United, Continental, Trans States, Spirit, Southwest, Northwest, Mesa, EOS, Champion, Pace, and a host of others including many European and Asian carriers. Please visit

for more detailed information.

-Monster regularly lists over 800,000 opportunities, including many airline openings. There is no charge to register and you are permitted to list your resume for free as well. Please visit

for more information.

- One of the largest aviation related job sites online, Avianation features a variety of opportunities, including many dispatcher positions. There is a fee involved for their service, currently set at $9.95 per month or $80.55 annually. Occasionally, posted specials drop the price considerably so visit this site for current information:


- As one of the leading job posting sites for the aviation industry online, Air Jobs Daily features a variety of opportunities for business and commercial aviation employees. Air Jobs Daily charges an annual fee of $77.95 which also includes a subscription to the Air Jobs Digest, a periodical featuring additional job listings and aviation related information. Please visit

for more information.

- Hot Jobs, owned by search engine giant Yahoo, is an employment site featuring several hundred thousand opportunities, including airline jobs. Registration is free and you may list your resume for free too. Please stop by

for more information.

- The largest job posting site online is Career Builder which at any given time lists more than one million jobs. Airline jobs, such as flight dispatchers are listed, perhaps not in as abundance as some of the aviation sites, but a good place to look nevertheless. Membership is free and you can list your resume for no charge too. Visit

for all the details.

Other sites that feature airline dispatcher opportunities include: AEPS, Plane Jobs, Jet Jobs , and Skyjobs. Please note that most of the paid sites contain the same job opportunities as each of the other sites, therefore belonging to more than one is not cost effective.

In a Crowded Job Market, Be More Competitive
Four-Tips to help you stand out – and land a job.
The job market is competitive – very competitive. For every opening, there are many more candidates than ever before. Not too long ago, the situation was very different. Employers had to work and market harder to find applicants for open positions. The economic downturn, and the resulting increase in unemployment has put more job seekers in the market – so you need to try harder and be on your “A-game”.
How to be more competitive and stand above the crowd: Tips to Success
The candidate that is primed, prepared and ready – and positive — will land the interview. Specifically:
o Don’t Just tell – Sell – Your resume should not just say where you were when – but what you contributed, the skills you developed and the skills that can be transferred to a new role in another company – or industry for that matter. The type of resume that works well in today’s market is known as a transferable skill resume.
o Prepare – Prepare – Prepare – Know all you can about the companies you are prospecting. Be prepared for a phone call when you least expect it. Treat every contact as a potential job prospect. You might think it is your friend calling when it could be your next potential employer, and first impressions count.
Prior to an interview, do your research on the company you are interviewing with. When you show up, have a polished 30 second presentation on the company:
1. What they do – produce, sell or service.
2. Who their customers are
3. When they started, how many employees and one other factoid on the company.
o Be Memorable – Leave those you contact by phone, email or in person with a memorable impression. It may be the manner in which you dress, your positive attitude, your smile – make everyone remember you.
Also, if you can, try to schedule your interview for the last slot possible. Statistics have shown that the person most likely to be hired – or called for the second interview – will be one of the last to be interviewed.
o Be Positive – This cannot be emphasized enough. Leave the attitude about your situation, the economy or whatever at home. This will surely kill your chances of being the one selected – no matter what experience you have. People hire people they like, who are positive and enthused – so show it. This is absolutely critical – no – it is imperative.
Good luck!

How to Find a Job After Prison – Helping Ex-Offenders Move Forward

The case of Luke v Stoke-On-Trent City Council [2006], involved an employee who had been employed as a special needs teacher at the local authority's Assessing Continuing Education Pupil Referral Unit ("the ACE Centre") since 1996. The ACE Centre was the only one of its kind operated by the local authority, and under the terms of her contract of employment ("the ACE Contract"), the employee was required to work at the ACE centre for 12 and three quarter hours per week.

From April 2003, the employee had a separate contract of engagement with the local authority governing the terms of her appointment at a different unit. Problems arose between the employee and the head teacher of the ACE Centre. Between October 2002 and April 2003, the employee was absent due to ill health. She alleged that she had been the victim of bullying and harassment by the head teacher of the ACE Centre.

The local authority commissioned an independent investigator to examine the employee's complaints. All of the employee's complaints were dismissed except for one, and the investigator proposed a return to work action plan designed to assist her in resuming her work at the ACE Centre. The employee indicated that whilst she was willing to take part in the action plan, she was not willing to accept the conclusions drawn by the investigator.

The local authority took the stance that the action plan would have been unworkable on that basis.

On the 13th of June 2003, the local authority formulated a proposal that the employee's return to the ACE Centre would be deferred, perhaps forever. She would be found equivalent hours performing similar work within other parts of the authority.

Initially, the employee agreed to that proposal in principle but, in August 2003, she indicated that she found the proposal unacceptable and that she was still intent upon resuming her employment at the ACE Centre. The local authority maintained its position that the employee's return to work at the ACE centre remained unworkable given her refusal to accept the conclusions of the investigator.

Several alternative proposals were suggested by the local authority which involved the employee working at sites other than at the ACE Centre. The proposed alternatives were deemed unsuitable by the employee, who insisted upon a return to the ACE Centre. Throughout that period, the employee continued to receive remuneration under the terms of the ACE Contract.

Finally, on the 11th of February 2004, the local authority ceased payment of the employee's wages. The employee brought a complaint before the employment tribunal alleging that at all material times she had been ready and willing to do the only work that she had been contractually obliged to do, namely her work at the ACE Centre. She therefore submitted that her wages had been unlawfully deducted within the meaning of Part II of the Employment Rights Act 1996.

The tribunal dismissed the employee's claim. It found that the local authority had reasonably reached the conclusion that her return to work at the ACE Centre was unworkable in the light of her refusal to accept the conclusions of the investigator or the terms of the proposed action plan. In those circumstances, despite the express terms of the ACE Contract, there had been an implied term of the contract permitting the local authority to require her to work at a location, other than that specified in the contract, provided that the employee suffered no detriment. However this could only happen whilst a long term solution to the question of her return to work at the ACE Centre was being resolved.

The employee appealed.

The issue which fell to be determined before the Employment Appeals Tribunal was whether the local authority had been contractually entitled to require the employee to work otherwise than at the ACE Centre.

The appeal was dismissed. It was held that where a written contract clearly defined an employee's contractual duties, the employee ought to be entitled to proceed upon the basis that the employee was not obliged to undertake different duties. In such situations, the finding of an implied obligation to undertake work outside the express terms of the contract would only have been permissible in exceptional circumstances. Such exceptional circumstance being where the requirement was justified, the work was suitable, and the employee suffered no detriment in terms of contractual benefits or status due to the change of duties on a temporary basis.

In this case, the view adopted by the employee in relation to the conclusions of the investigator and the terms of the action plan had given rise to such exceptional circumstances. The tribunal had properly considered all the relevant factors in reaching its conclusions, and in those circumstances had been entitled to make the finding that the ACE Contract contained an implied term entitling the local authority to require the employee to conduct work outside the scope of the express terms of the contract.

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© RT COOPERS, 2007. This Briefing Note does not provide a comprehensive or complete statement of the law relating to the issues discussed nor does it constitute legal advice. It is intended only to highlight general issues. Specialist legal advice should always be sought in relation to particular circumstances.

The question of how to find a job after prison is not an easy one to answer, because there is no “one-size-fits-all” advice. Laws differ from state to state, and each ex-offender’s situation is completely different from another’s. I have seen some statistics that indicate as many of 70% ex-offenders did not finish high school; yet, at the same time, I am aware of plenty of others who have been in trouble with the law who have advanced degrees. So, it is easy to see how different one situation will differ from another.
That being said, there are few challenges ex-offenders have in common as well. And, one of the biggest ones is that individuals who have been incarcerated or otherwise in trouble are often seen as too high a risk for an employer to take a chance on.
It is my sincere hope that if you have been in trouble, that you have taken advantage of any programs that might be available to you through your local employment agency, or any work readiness programs in your area. Also, if you are among the population without a high school diploma, it is going to be in your best interests to get your GED. Regardless of your previous difficulties with schooling (for example, perhaps you have a learning disability), it is going to be critical that you deal with it. And sooner rather than later.
I have had some former clients tell me that they don’t have time to get their GED, because they have to get a job.
When I have asked them about their daily schedule – from waking up in the morning to going to bed at night – and we really get into it, it almost always brings up a lot of time that they cannot account for any productive activity. For example, some of the examples that I have seen a lot is how much time some people spend:
1) in front of the television,
2) playing fantasy games of other games on computer,
3) hanging out with old friends (which, in many cases, is not in their best interests), and/or
4) hanging out with a girl-friend, boy-friend, or their kids.
I don’t really think we need to talk about where one might be able to find a little time to further one’s education. Either you WILL or you WON’T. Either you WILL find the time or you WON’T find the time. That’s really up to the individual, isn’t it?
Look, I’m not saying this to pick on anyone who has seen trouble and struggle. In my same role helping NON ex-offenders figure out their career and job situation, I say the same things when I’m told, “I don’t have the time.”
Another thing I have heard a lot – again, whether one is an ex-offender or not – is “I don’t have the money to do that… “
This one will sound harsh. Do you have “stuff” that you can sell? What about that Wii that somehow you were able to afford, or your TV? For those who have not been in trouble, I often say, “Then get a job at the local fast food restaurant and earn a couple of extra dollars.”
It’s a little more difficult to say that to an ex-offender who might have such low self-esteem that he or she has trouble even
for a job at the local fast food restaurant to begin with. I have seen former clients feeling very dejected because they really did not have anything of value that they could sell, and that they were turned down for the first job that they applied for.
Oftentimes, these individuals have come into the office, slumped down into a chair with their arms crossed, and appearing angry with entire world.
To those of you who may see yourself in that illustration, I offer the following pointers:
If you are carrying around a chip on your shoulder about your past situation, you need to knock that chip off your shoulder. Stop looking angry at the world for your problems. It comes across in facial expressions and posture. Stay away from old friends that may have encouraged your situation in the past.
One method I highly, highly recommend for ANYONE looking to move forward and let go of past troubles is something called The Sedona Method. I have been through the program myself, and I have helped others with it as well. I have also recommended it to ex-offenders who used it with great success. Just type “Sedona Method” into your favorite search engine and you’ll find it. Or go to your local bookstore or library and ask for the book itself, which is written by Hale Dwoskin.
The process guides you through a series of steps to help you “release” the things that may have held you back from being the confident and great person that you are within.
In addition, I suggest that you look objectively at your appearance – if you need some neat “job-hunting” clothes and don’t have any money to purchase any new clothes, get yourself down to your local Salvation Army, Good Will, or any number of non-profit thrift stores. Tell them your situation, and that you need some help getting dressed for job-hunting. Many places will donate clothes – and if not, some of these places are extremely inexpensive. I love shopping at thrift stores. I’ve been able to purchase pants for as low as $1.00!
Don’t forget neat hair, eye contact, teeth brushing and general cleanliness (soap, water, clean clothes, deodorant – Please folks, SKIP the cologne – it does NOT mask body odor or smelly clothes). If you smoke, don’t smoke before interviews. I can always tell when clients were smoking before they saw me – half the time, it hangs on the clothing itself, especially if people smoke in their homes. It gets into everything. So, air out your job-hunting clothes, or at least keep them in a place where the cigarette smoke doesn’t coat them.
Here is some solid advice for working on getting your foot in the door:
Plan and participate in informational interview sessions with prospective employers. There is not enough room in this article to go into this topic in depth; however, in this series of articles under my author name, you can find 2 articles on this subject:
These articles, along with some other resources I’ll mention in a moment, are just as valid for you as they are for someone who has
been in trouble with the law.
Finally, while you are learning how to find a job after prison, while working with your local employment counselor, social worker, or spiritual advisor, be sure to think of all the wonderful things you CAN do and CAN offer an employer.
As difficult as it may be to believe, your job search is going to be about
. It’s about them as much as it is about you! You will show them how you can help meet their needs! Once you find out what an employer needs in an employee, you can begin working on showing him or her how you fit the bill.

Easy and Fun Jobs For Retirees – 12 of the Best Retirement Jobs

You want to stack the percentages in your favour, with a little preparation you will find the task of finding a new job much easier, these job search tips arm you with what you need to know and do to make getting that interview easier and once you are in the interview room be equipped to win that position.

today, there are many job search engines available to you, some even let you post looking for work ads, use these to your advantage. The same as a selling is a numbers game so is looking for a new job, the more you are out there and the further you can

the higher your chances are of finding a job.

, if you have a dodgy email address; fix it! today it is simple to have a professional email address, there is nothing wrong with using Gmail, Yahoo or Hot Mail just make  the address suitable for business use.

? Using a funny answering message is fine for your mates but do you think it is wise for a prospective employer to hear 'sorry I am out getting drunk at the moment please leave a message' Record a business suitable message and stack the job search percentages more in your favour.

, even better use a template so you can customise the resume for each job application. Have you updated your references? Are your hobbies and interests actually what you like to do, if you have written you like to play golf what would happen if the interviewer asked you golf specific questions? 

, if the job you are applying for has many applicants print your resume in a vibrant colour, your resume will stand out in the sea of white, next day call the person and ask how it is going, refer them to your vibrant resume that they have now pulled out and is sitting on top of the stack.

, what does your Facebook, Bebo, Myspace say about you, is your profile publicly viewable? If you were an employer would you still hire you after looking at your on-line profiles? Make sure your profiles are not publicly viewable and clean up content that could do your job search efforts harm.

You need to know a prospective employer does not want to read hundreds of resumes, they want the task of finding a new employee to be as simple and fast as possible.

The motto of the Scouts is 'be prepared' you too need to be over prepared with your job search plan; it is better to have to much than the worst answer in the interview room 'sorry I don't have that with me'

Are you retired but looking to earn some extra cash and keep yourself busy with a part time job?
Have you heard of the newest work term for individuals who are about to retire from their first career and begin a new one? It is called “zenployment”. This term refers to a retirement career which provides fulfillment even fun and additional income but without all the stress.
Putting it simply, “zenployment” is a cool and easy job for retired people. It is a kind of occupation that contains more fun than stress.
There are many make money opportunities for retirees who would like to continue being active. Listed below are the best retirement jobs.
Weddings are often the happiest day of people’s lives and you can be a part of it. There are many courses available to become a wedding planner. Often they involve following a real wedding planner so you can gain true insights about the business; from the skills and tasks required to how to find clients. This includes a study of all the wedding basics from rings, gowns, flowers, favors, suits, cakes, traditional and modern venues, flower arrangements, wine, entertainment, deadlines and budgets.

I know a retired family friend in Saskatoon, Canada who actually does this. They have six months off and then spend six months working in a fishing lodge. It is a fairly basic place, but the amazing fish stocks means that he meets elite and interesting guests.

It is hard not to love a job that involves getting paid to travel the world. Cruise ships are so huge these days, they are more like floating cities. They need to employ all manner of staff from musicians, housekeepers, cleaners, servers, entertainers and retail assistants. If you have a specialist hobby or interest, you may be surprised at the opportunities that may be available to you. Some cruise ships have classes such as flower-making, book-binding to juggling, art history and model ship building.
Retired people are often considered to be reliable, trustworthy, responsible and clean. Consider becoming a home sitter. You could end up house-sitting a beautiful hacienda in Mexico! There are websites such as which are dedicated to matching house sitters with home owners.

As with house-sitting this is another money making opportunity which favors senior people who are considered to be experienced and responsible. If you have some experience in owning or caring for a pet, you might consider working as a pet walker, pet sitter, or even house-sitting combined with pet sitting. Compensation for this is usually on an hourly basis and there is a wide range of rates. You make earn more if you have additional skills such as dog training.

Do you watch home make over shows on TV and offer your own opinions? Do you long to help people re-decorate their homes? You may also consider taking and interior design course and using your talent to help people re-design their houses. It is creative, satisfying and fun and there are more people who require the services of an interior designer than you might first realize.

The tourism industry has seen some ups and downs in the past few years, but overall long-term growth in this industry continues to move upwards. Many travel firms, especially online booking agencies are happy to hire work-at-home travel agents. It is an easy skill to acquire and you may even receive company discounts for you and your family on travel packages.

Many families are too busy to maintain their garden. If you enjoy gardening and working outdoors, you might consider becoming a gardener. It is not only a rewarding job, there are tremendous health benefits to being outside and staying physically active.

If you have always been a neat freak and a highly organized person, professional organizing might be the ideal profession for you. If you have ever watched the TV show “Hoarders”, you will know that there are people out there who just have too much stuff and can never keep their homes and offices tidy.

So many people want to combine a holiday with losing weight to getting fit. There are many hotels and travel companies offering healthy vacations. Hotels and spas are offering well being package holidays complete with massage therapists, yoga instructors and nutritionists. If you have a good manner with people and gain a nutrition qualification, you can spend the holiday season giving diet and healthy eating tips.
. You have more experience and knowledge that you probably think you do. You might be surprised at the amazing variety of convention and conferences available. You could be a public speaker, which could be something as simple as giving a testimonial or review of a particular product, or talking about your career history and what you have learned on the way. You may be paid or you may simply receive compensation for your travel expenses, lodging and food. It’s a great way to meet people which could lead to similar jobs or even consultancy projects or work.

As long as you do not have a criminal record, you might want to train as a card dealer and work in a resort city like Las Vegas, Atlantic City or Reno. Card dealing is not as hard as it might look at first with practice and of course there is that chance to earn a lot of extra money through tips.
Those are our best retirement jobs. As you can see there are many cool and easy jobs available for retirees. Take some time to research the available options, keep an open mind and be persistent.

Get a Job in 24 Hours!

Most graduates today find themselves at a great dilemma once they have been exposed to the real world where one has to compete for some available quality jobs and diligently work for jobs that are not in line with their profession. This case usually happens when one was not able to seriously prepare his or her emancipation from the university life. Students are often preoccupied with and focus their time and efforts on academics thinking that high grades are panacea for their future employment problems. With this working assumption in mind, they end up frustrated and their enthusiasm is doused by the fact that there are only so few available jobs where they can apply and practice all the knowledge they have acquired during their studies. Hence, some would either end up going back to school for further studies where they can practice a broader field of interest or get employed for a job which is in no way related to their degree of profession. This is truly a sad state of our society today. Thus, students are provided by their schools some practical preparations for their actual work in the future.

To prepare the students for a fruitful and rewarding career, the school in partnership with the government and the private sector implements job fairs and career talks to provide the students some working knowledge of what lies ahead for them in the real world. This practically guides the students career path once they are released to the real world of actual employment, business competitions, and governance. These only show that a great career can best be prepared from school to the commencement of actual work in the real world where theories learned are put to test. Job fairs expose the students to the available businesses and industries where one can work and apply his or her field of study and ergo start to build one's career. Employment merely allows for the career to begin but for such career to grow and become fruitful, preparations must be had at the earliest possible time. Career talks at school are very important for the students to map out their career path from employment to retirement if possible. These career talks enhances the student's strategic planning for one's career and ensures that he or she remains on the right path towards the realization of such plan. The earlier one prepares and begins to realize the growth of his or her career, the more time one has to enjoy these fruits of hard work and perseverance. Careers begin any time of your life. It need not be during your middle age period. Even young and fresh graduates can start realizing a career that one is certain to enjoy and reap benefits thereafter.

Therefore, a good career begins at employment but to make this career truly fun and fruitful for you, planning and review of the same must be had at the earliest possible time since commencing a career does not have a specific period of time.

Is it possible? Is that your first question? I must tell you that it is not only possible but you can get that job within a lesser time than the above topic!
Getting a job in 24 hours largely depends on the type of job you are searching for. You may need to ask yourself if you are prepared to take up a different employment than the one you are originally looking for. If for instance you are searching for a job as an accountant but instead was offered a job as a clerk, would you accept the job and rise through the ranks or take it up for the time being?
Secondly, you may need to ask yourself if you are “over qualified” for the job you are seeking. You may need to exclude your Masters degree or your college diploma from your CV to get the job you are seeking or at least to get an invitation for interview. After you’re employed, your productivity will be very naked and obvious to your employer and by then, you may approach him with your higher qualifications for a pay/position rise.
Another important decision you have to take to secure a job in record time is to decide to relocate abroad. Yes, abroad and for good! Thousands of jobs needing expatriate knowledge abound abroad with no local expertise to fill these vacant positions. The pay is equivalent or even more than what you are paid in your own country. The jobs could be “dirty” and something the locals wouldn’t want to do but as a foreigner, you can take up these jobs and make yourself incomes that would last you for seven lifetimes. A good source to start now is
This site lists available jobs worldwide on a daily basis.
Now, the easiest but most overlooked way of getting a job in record time is starting an online business. Many people are either too scared of joining internet businesses or have low self-esteem leading them to believe erroneously that internet business won’t work for them. The truth’s that internet business has made millionaires and is still making millionaires out of lay people. I’m a living testimony. The good thing about the internet is that the blueprint that works for a business always works for another all things being equal. And what do you need to start off? The internet is very verse and depending on the area of internet business you want to start, you may need a website. Series of tested articles to help you start off immediately are located on and you only have yourself preventing yourself from getting a job now!

Implications in Different Employment Contracts

Searching for

can be rough going, but it doesn't have to be. The biggest struggle when hunting for jobs while in college is that the job has to fit into the constraints of the college schedule. Obviously, this is a challenge. The other challenge is that for many, having a job while in college is necessary to being in college at all. College is expensive, and many students require a job, or some source of income to maintain their student status.

There are many options, but in this article I am going to focus on four:

-Campus Jobs

-Local Industry Opportunities

-Bar Tending


(my personal favorite)

Campus Jobs are in many ways the idea job while in college. Your college or university campus always has many simple jobs that need to be filled, and usually prioritize hiring students, especially those on financial aid. These jobs often come with some good perks, the most common one being the ability to get school work done on the job. I personally have many friends who have a desk job at school, and they spend most of their time being paid to study. Good deal. The downside to campus jobs is that they generally pay pretty miserably, usually under $9/hr.

Looking into local industries is another promising way to find jobs while in college. Think of whatever the largest industries are in your area. In Michigan the automotive industry is huge. In Florida the orange industry is big. In southern California Hollywood is the most prominent industry around. These industries are teeming with jobs that require few qualifications, yet are still necessary for the industry to function. Landing a job in these areas will provide you with great experience, and often pay decently, especially when compared to other jobs while in college.

Bar tending is another solid option. I probably don't need to go into great detail on this one. It generally requires a bar tending license, which can be obtained through a short course. Bar tenders tend to make great money on tips, and also have a lot of fun on the job. Their hours are mostly at night which doesn't conflict with most student's schedules. This job can be a bit harder to land because it is popular, however it generally favors young people, and doesn't require many special qualifications.

However, I still believe the ultimate job while in college to be internet work opportunities. Internet work is by far the most lucrative, and least strenuous job around. Many people are turned off to it fearing that it may be a scam, but it's only because they don't initially know much about it. In truth, it's completely legitimate, allows you to work wherever you want, and requires no qualifications or time commitment. Anyone who grew up in the digital age and can handle creating a MySpace page is well suited for this line of work. As far as payment goes, it blows an hourly wage jobs out of the water. A common estimate of payment that if you work for an hour/day you will realistically be making $200/day after several weeks. That is hard to compete with, and as far as jobs while in college go, it is the unparalleled.

Online work opportunities have made many college students wealthy, working straight out of their dorm rooms. Having grown up with computers, all college students are savvy enough to work online. The kids who are most successful at this aren't the smartest ones. Rather they are the kids who acknowledge that the internet will provide them with the perfect jobs while in college.

In UK law there are many rights and obligations associated with employees. To know about these rights, first of all we have to look up the definition of employee.
“An individual who has entered into, or works under contract of employment” (ERA 1996)
The contract of employment may be made written or orally. It is important to differentiate between employment and self employment. Each type of contract has different implications regarding taxation, healthcare and protection laws. Two basic tests have to be performed to check whether it is employment or self employment.
These are mentioned below.
The court will consider whether the employer has control over the way in which the employee performs the duties. If employer has control then it will be the contract of service (employment).
If employee is so skilled that he cannot be controlled in the performance of his duties then it will fall into the contract for service (self-employment). The distinction between employed and self employed is very essential because certain rights and obligations arise in each case.
So implications are mentioned below:
There are number of deductions can be made by an employer for income tax under PAYE from salary of employee. But self employed person is directly responsible to the HM revenue and customs for tax due.
There is legislation for the protection and rights of employee including minimum period of notice and remedies for unfair dismissal. As there is no employment contract in contract for service, so self employed person is not entitled for these rights.
Employees do not have to get register for VAT but self employed has to be registered for VAT if he meets the criteria for compulsory registration for VAT.
Employees are the preferential creditors of the company in the case of liquidation or bankruptcy. Contractors or self employed persons are treated as non preferential creditors if employer is liquidated.